Draw 4: Art The interest of the Greeks for Fine arts is demonstrated by the formulation of lists which, besides enumerating the most famous works of art and nature, also name sculptures, architects and painters (1). Designs and paintings are likewise attested on papyri and parchments (2-6). Some of these served as designs for weaving (2, 5, 6).
Draw 3: Mathematics and Astronomy Arithmetic and geometry were strongly developed in Egypt (2) because of the importance of land surveying. Different levels of knowledge including higher mathematics (6) are attested by school texts (4), manuals and arithmetic tables (5,7). Mathematics was also the basis for astronomical calculations in order to ascertain the position of planets (1) and to compose horoscopes (3).
Draw 2: School The pupils in Egypt had to copy letters, words and numbers as well as literary texts in school. A demotic papyrus preserves the earliest example of an alphabet (3). Written accents placed between the words, to facilitate the reading, are preserved on a school tablet inscribed with verses from the Iliad (5). Knowledge in writing and drawing could be applied in the administration, but also for the creation of reliefs and inscriptions (1,2).
Draw 1: Wisdom
Teachings (1-4, 7) communicate the ides of behaviour and action according to the divine righteousness (Maat). They often take the form of a letter or of a text addressed to a son or a pupil. Such concepts of wisdom also found their way into non-Egyptian texts, as for example the Wise Words of Achiqar (6). The Dialogues of Plato also deal with ethically sound behaviour (5).